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How does Islam differentiate/distinguish itself from Christianity?

I didn't gather anything from this video [refer to Nouman Ali Khan: How Islam is different from other religions] which differentiates/distinguishes Islam from religions like Christianity. I think all the major religions [Islam, Hinduism, Judaism, Christianity, Buddhism, etc.] teach that we must do good and abstain from evil. Doesn't the Quran share similarities with the Bible (i.e. the Old Testament) regarding various offenses and their punishment [ex. death for adultery, eye for an eye/tooth for tooth, etc.) as well as promoting circumcision? My question is, how does it differentiate itself from Christianity [i.e. the New Testament]? The apostle Paul wrote in Romans chapter 7 that God's law [i.e. the Old Testament Law/Mosaic law] was holy and good. It revealed God's standard of holiness and in the process showed mankind that they had sinful desires in them. However, the prohibitions in the Old Testament (Old Covenant) law empowered mankind's sinful nature to arouse all sorts of evil desires in them. For example, covetousness was prohibited in the Old Covenant. However, when the sinful nature saw that law, it created all sorts of evil desires in man [ex. coveting a neighbor's wife and his material wealth]. Thus, instead of bringing spiritual and eternal life to mankind, it brought about spiritual death. When a person's sinful nature comes across God's commandments which prohibits certain behaviors, it will create a war with your mind to indulge in evil desires. It prevents you from carrying out your good intentions in obeying God and leading a holy life. Thus, the Old Testament laws were unable to make man truly righteous because of their own sinful nature. What was God's solution to this? He paved the way to replace the Old Covenant through the New Covenant. The basis of the New Covenant is that God sent His Son, Jesus Christ, into this world in the human body that we sinners have, and declared an end to the sinful nature's control over us by  giving His Son as a sacrifice for our sins. This would meet the just requirements of the Old Covenant law and in the process replace it with a better, New Covenant which involves people no longer obeying the letter of the Old Covenant Law, but instead obeying God by living in the power of His Holy Spirit to bear the fruit of the Spirit. When people obeyed the letter of the Old Covenant Law, they could still abuse it. For example, the Old Covenant Law prohibited adultery. However, that didn't stop people from fantasizing about someone's else wife in their hearts and minds. God addressed this through the New Covenant by replacing physical circumcision with spiritual type of circumcision [i.e. consecrating one's heart to God/metanoia/regeneration/become born again]. Physical circumcision served to be a physical reminder for people that they need to consecrate themselves to God, by separating themselves from the rest of the world's carnal minded ways. However, it still failed to change a person's heart and mind, as the heart and mind are the battleground against sinful desires. Thus, spiritual circumcision was needed to replace physical circumcision to serve as a better means of consecrating one's self to God. Under the New Covenant, one is regenerated by the Holy Spirit to bear the fruit of the Spirit [refer to Galatians 5:16-26]. The sinful nature can't be empowered by the fruit of the Spirit, as they are not prohibitions. No evil desires can be aroused from godly love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, and self-control. When you bear the spiritual fruit, you are able to abstain from sin [the prohibitions listed in the Old Covenant]. For example, if you are tempted to commit adultery, if you bear the fruit of love for your neighbor and self-control, you will not commit such acts of betrayal and hatred towards your neighbor. The Old Covenant Law was ultimately pointing to the fruit of the Spirit. When you look at the prohibitions in the Old Covenant, you will see that the intention of God to make such rules was to promote the fruit of the Spirit. However, a person's sinful nature blinds them to such spiritual truths. The sacrifice of Jesus Christ was needed to remove that veil/blindness brought from the Old Covenant so that people would be able to be regenerated to live holy lives by bearing the fruit of the Spirit. Without the sacrifice of Jesus Christ, the Holy Spirit would not have been sent by God to dwell in the bodies of believers to guide and empower them to bear the fruit of the Spirit, in order to put to death one's sinful nature and its desires.

I'd like to ask the following questions to Muslims:
(1). Are your laws in the Quran empowering your sinful nature to bring about your spiritual death?
(2). The Bible has given the solution against the sinful nature (which was Jesus Christ), but what solution does the Quran give to one's sinful nature?

Refer to:
Don't all religions point to the same God?

Refer also to these Bible passages in reference to the points I made above:
Romans 7:1-25

Romans 8:1-14

Galatians 5:16-26

Colossians 3:5-15

Ephesians 4:22-32

John 3:3-8

2 Corinthians 3:3-18

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